Malocclusion in Iowa City, IA, Explained by Our Top-Rated Orthodontist
Occlusion is the word used to refer to the way your teeth align. Normally, your teeth should be straight, properly aligned, with the upper jaw just slightly overlapping the lower jaw. Malocclusion is a condition where the teeth do not align properly and can lead to bite issues. There are different types of malocclusion depending on the way the teeth are misaligned. Malocclusion can lead to oral health complications, cause teeth and jaw pain, shifting teeth, and facial structure changes. Our top-rated orthodontist offers some information about malocclusion in Iowa City, IA, and available treatments.
Types of Malocclusion
- Overbite: The upper jaw significantly overlaps the lower jaw, leaving a large gap in between the teeth
- Underbite: The lower jaw overlaps the upper jaw and protrudes outward, leading to a change in the shape of the face
- Crossbite: One or more teeth on one side of the jaw do not correspond to the tooth on the other side
What Causes Malocclusion?
There are some risk factors for malocclusion, but most cases are caused by genetic factors or abnormal tooth growth. Some things, such as long-term pacifier or bottle usage, or injuries to the jaw can lead to a misaligned bite. Avoiding pacifiers after the age of three and curbing thumb-sucking in children may help avoid orthodontic issues.
To diagnose the condition, our orthodontist runs a series of tests, taking into account these risk factors, to determine if malocclusion is present. Our orthodontist examines how the bite fits together and the position of the jaw to check the type and severity of the malocclusion.
Call Us Today to Learn About Treatment for Malocclusion in Iowa City, IA
Treating malocclusion early is important to shorten the length of treatment and ensure that treatment is the most effective, as it is easier to adjust the bite and teeth in children.
If left untreated, malocclusion can lead to speech problems, face structure changes, and difficulty chewing or biting. Malocclusion can be treated with different types of braces, Invisalign®, and spacers. Oral surgery can also be used if necessary, including reshaping of the jaw bone.
Contact our office today to schedule a complimentary consultation – we can’t wait to help you or your child achieve your best smile!
The information provided in this article is not meant to be medical advice and is for educational purposes only. If you would like to learn more about this and other orthodontic-related topics, feel free to contact Mergen Orthodontics, with a convenient orthodontic office located in Iowa City, IA, by clicking here or by calling 319-688-0800.